Literature article

gzyvEEg dcch zgTrCAg

gkmTgqgccgonm, eGqgpAgEdp.mgi kgpgE n bp gkmTrgc gccbp Egog AgTg egTdAgc qgppbEEj Egqgc BpgEgqg.mb bp Eg rgTedAgc. jEmEybA mVcE, mb sjtyg-f, gccbp Egoj zbzdAgc n TvT kg evt yg pFxdAfc. gzgz dcch edpgkkg ygtg pJppjmgE gccbp En ygtg cvagc. Adpg gkmTdArg udTgTyg dcch sjtyj egTgo jog rgqgc kgcpgTdEEdegpg bE tgojoj gAboAgE ygTdE n ygtf gccb gzgzygccgog dcch edpgkkgpgccgpg ygtg pJppjmgEd egTgo jog cDqcE. “mg edE bcbrDqd lgtwjAgebmbrd mgt gTtd, mglrdtbzj gtAdEgrdyje mg gtmbEdyje…” gzgzyc bp En ygtg cvagc wbT kbp zgTh Enoj cvagc. gzgzyg dcch zgThqnpg mgibp Enoj cvagc dEbE ymoj eDpcpdEEh, n Agegqg joj rgTrgEEh, n bp ebtdErg AgTg xNoog egpgavpg mVcE Egoj tg sgkctrgErdp: mb Egoj tg idAbkrgErdpf. qgppbEEj BpgEf Egqgc, TvTgcnmogccgoc TvTyc bp gz dcch zgT dAjoj pgTrgc mb bp dtkdidAgc. dtkgiEdegpj mb TnEbEgqg bp TvT GppmEyg joj TnEbrdp yjmg joj AdEbp kgpgE edppnp. btb TnEbErbAd TvTyc tnoj TnEbpgc wGk dcch dAtg mVcEd kgc yj gkmTrb. mgigc dAeNpbE oHk. mgigc ygtn yj gkmTrb wmT gc wmTbE TvTyc yg dtkgiEdeg cgT. Adpn ygtf,TnEbE tgLbErg bE TvT dtkgiEdegpg tnoj TnEbEd mgigc yj gkmTrb EJogct dcch oJE-dA-eNp dcch dEgc qGccdenkbE.

TvTgqg oHkrg dAeNpfc dcch yjmg oJErg dAeNpfc kg qgppc gc yg uGkkdtgqbcvE tbAyg pBmgpg dag 49bp, ogtyg 13bp,n bE uGthm dcch edTdz edp Eg tgoj gTgo mgib j emwgEtgqgcp dEgccgE ygtg oHkgcAEgcE ygtg Eg oJegcAEgcE v gc dteg BpgE mgpg cDqcE, n mFtd kg dAyj kgqg.. “…dEEb lgtgwEbyje edE pgygTdE mg jEAb…” kgt cb BpgEgqg yj hTgE ygTg, “mgT qgTTbp kb dpdE ygtg pDtgcf, tbAyg pBmgpg yg mgpg uGkkg!”

gkmTgqgccgonm, eGqgpAgEdp. gEEgog Anebtdpg gq jEmEybog whTTgi pg yj eVTgqgccg mgibp Egog pFxdAfc oVAyg GzTdygpg kgTd. gz kbp En cvagc, zgT bE Egtgtg mGpbodEEg mb bp Enoj cvagc. mgibp En cvagc dtkgiEdeh En obT gq. mb TnEbE bp Enoj TnEbrgc. yjmh kgpgE n bE gEdoj yg edp gqgc gccb tdk dcch ogttgp kg ymoj qgccg. yjmg ygtf gccb AGtmofc dtkgiEdegpc bp Enoj TnEbrgc. BpgEf kgpgE gccb AGtmog pvwpg bp joj TnEbrdp. qgktgqg kgTdog zHo n bp j cvagc dEsg cgTcgT wbTynp gccb AGtmog dEshqnpg n rglrgTTh pnErg dEsgqg j pNTdccg n j fygcAccg mgtbthqhpg dEsgqg mBmvcE n TvT ogtkvp. Adpn ygtf yjmh bp j pnTrgc rdeg gpgo gccb AGtmog n rdegqg xdtduAgpg n dAj fygcAccg yjmh bp rdeg xdtduAgE j pnTrgc. yjmg ygtf n bp j pnTrgc edpgk eGpnm gccb dAugppvccg Ad gc joj fybpbE yjmh bp edpgk ugp j pnTrgc. gkmTgqgccgonm, Adpg yjmbEd ymoj AGtmovE dEsdqc geg rdedqc geg edpgkyc bp j pnTrgc n ygtf gccb yjmg gEEgog Egog edpdqd zgTrc bp En cvagc ymoj AGtmovE.

gkmTgqgccgonm,TvTh bp dtkgiEdeg AgTf j cvagc n oHk dAeNpfc n gEEgog Anebtdpg gq oJE Eg eNpfc gccb AGtmogccbagccgpc pgogc n dtkgiEdegpc bp Eg AcAgc yg AgAgkgc. mgigc yj cDTbqpvE zgTrCEEj wgtgk tgoj zbzdcch eg tfq. inth bp wgtgkybA yj An ogpgrbEEg eg qgcAgrbE. zgTrgccgpg pJEdpg n sgE tgog cGwbE wbrg. mgigc dpcE zjTgcAb uDtedog (AgcEdA) dcch zgTAgegpg. AGtmogccbagccgpc mgib adavccjqj j pgogc Adpc avcppbEyj j pgogc BpgE dcch ibmh onTrm wBmdccfc n ugmTgpnpg zvcpfc. Anebtdcvc, AGtmogccbavEEg Adpc BpgE dcch ibmh agcppbEyj joj yFpdccfc n ygtf gccb adavccjqj joj yFpdccfc n yg-rgad tneg hoohtbE. tgcAeg mVcppcE, “mgT gTeb tgkgpg gz n zgTgqg tn ygtg kFppftgqgccb EhwhE mBcbE tgkg whz n ijkEh tn ygtg kFppftgqgcch n ygtf?” mgT gTeb zgTrg adavccjqj Ehwhrb yFttd kjorg n gzyg Anebtdoj yj kjynpb? mgT gTeb dAwdTg wgkgEmB yg sgub n tgog wnegevccb?

gkmTgqgccgonm, gzygccgog mgibp j cvagc tgkbrgE zjTf, tgkbrgE adkkgEf, tgkg tGkvk, (yht zjTf Ehwpg yht Eg adkkgEf), dcch AbT igTgz mE eDpdorg yg AbTeg n tg cDTbqph qgTTvp. uhpgpgygE dcch Adpg bp dAjoj zgtydAgc dcch evtgqg gc yg An kgigqgccbE mb udttgEbpyg gEEgog Egog udttgE gpAf uBpcbtyg ym gq. mb cbkgkybog dcch gawgTbTTgpbpg yg egTgo ygugqgccg kgcpgTdEEdegpbpg bE tgojoj gAboAgEygTdE

Anebtdcvc, AGtmogccbavEEc gkmTfqvEEj dtkgiEdegpm dEg ACcfc yj AGtmofc, zgTrc adavccf n dccgog tgoj pgogc mgigc jayvee jog An qftvE: agE zjTf dcch rhkgEdcch tDi adkkgEf yFtdcg. mgigc yg An mBcvE:

rhkgEdcch agE zjTf,

gzgT adkkgEf,

tgkgpc tGkvk dcch

qgTTvpyc n zgTrvEEg kgcpgTdoj j cvtgc.

“gttgc tfqf, pgTvegc dE jayvee zgT tbrcErg tgoj whTgc wgkcg rgqgc,mgibEgE Af pgTvedE dE tgkbrgE igTgz yg mgpg egwgE rgqgc,”mgib cDTd kgTf ugagTyg Anebteog gq pJoAdccgpg yg kdidccg. mjim TBudccfc ebtdE mgtkg ugTTmTrg gccbE yj qhT uVknkb onTrbE j ygtg aVodmbch Adpg tn ygtg whTh tgkg fTgc n ygtg pJmgE. mgibE j ygtg sdod gwnE mBcb: pDTdT dcch pdTdT; pCp dcch pcp; uGp dcch ugp;rMo dcch rmo;AJo dcch Ajo; pMt dcch pmt; dEgE dcch dEgEY;kvT dcch kvTY;mGTgz dcch mgTgz; oBp dcch obp.”

Anebtdcvc, qgpgtyg kgTjqj Anm TjE ebqg? Anm ugTTmTrvEEc ugagT AgigE eg AcEygTdmBcdE? Anm adavccf dEg pgogc pFkdE joj eg sdudE? Anm zgTrnpc eg EhwhE yFttdpc kJorfc n tg dEn yg pDofc n gzyvEEc tgoj rgttbtgc? Anm dAyj rgttbtyc dErg qJTojefc gzyvEEc qbrgE eg kjyh? Anm dEgcEEj PBmvcAgEEb dEg yjeg qgkknEg? Anm pBmgpcAj tbidEyg dcch wgtgpyg n tgog Agih ebqg? Anm zgTrc dAgog tn AbErgc dEgcEEj tbidEyg ygog AbTTh ebqg? egT qgppc gzyvEEj cGqgc gArbegqg gkmTfqvEEg tgoj ogTrh edppnp Anm dEgcEEj oGzyg yg dtbtdEEh eg gqg?

Anebtdcvc, tbAyg pBmgpg dacAg Agppfibp, ogtyvpg 159bpp n ejojug gq gcEEj yg mgpg uGkEh. “mb :zg dpb uGAgerg zgrgmgygt ugtgttbq!” dEEgon gkmTfqvEEg dAyj qgttgcEgcEEg ebtdErg pJtwgupgq 20,1425, rhpphk 1,2005 gzyvEEg pBmvcErcAg gcEEj j wgtgk wbpgEEh. TvTdqc oHkrg dAeNpfc dEEgog Anebtdpg gq Eg oJErg dEg eNpfc yFttdpnpg kjorg n gzyvEEj yj qJTojefc gcEEj j rmTEh. mb gkmTfqvEEg eGqgppdcf, gzyvEEg gcEEj pDk joj rgtbtth yFttdpcAc n zGccnm. pBmvcErg gzyg mgigcEEj yg kdtbkgcEEb kgTgccbag dcch whTgccbag n tg kgTh ivTgTyg uhp kgTgagpg n bE zgTrc adaccgqg tgoj wHTdygTE Adpg:- ynTgqg dcch tvppgpg, geg ygag dcch tgeebEgpg, geg qgTTvpydcch tGkvkcgpg geg uhpgpyg pgtwgpg dcch zjTgccbag gc pNTdccbE geg adkkgEgccbag dAyj tdksg. gkmTfqvEEg DpgEyd, ivTgTybE uhpyg dcch yjmg ygtn kgpgE kg mgib tgog kgTgEpnEb ugagTTgpg Tbpdccgqg pgtxDT dcchTJogqg Abkyj kdidEpnEbE. ugagTTgpbA mgib ADpg qDTgTyg pgEgkyg dcch kdTpnEyg n kgcpgTdoj QGccdEyg dEn yg sdogc, mgib Eg tg dAjoj qdttbudEpnEb eGTvo-sfibppg.

gkmTfqvEEg eGqgppd, gzyvEEj kbwdE ojTgE gq eg gqg v mb egpd dTebE. gz-uFtdErg gzgzyg adavccgqg tgog gz-uFtdcch gzyvEEj mb yj mgugE cGqgc. fTgccgpbE gz-DeodTcAyg tgog An gz-uFtdccfc dA mVcppccg n yj eGpgppbag:1) zgtydA n mgi uCppbA gq dAyj zgtydccg 2) emo-pbmdA n emogoog dEg pbmdAccg 3) emo-pbmdAY n dccg Eg emogoog dEg pbmdAcAg. emo-pbmdA dcch emo-pbmdAY zgTrg tbrcEyg tgoj eg ygtg pJmdygTh. 4) eGTvo-sfibp. 5) TJogqg Abkyj. 6) sgekbtyg pgEgkyj. 7) pgEgkyg dcch kdTpnEyj. 8) egpbTjqj. 9) jEmEyj.

Igoog rbTclpg zgTrvEEj zgTgqg GzTdyg mb Agppfi-joj cgT. Rc egAgTrc qhTf, rgE geibTgpg Drnkkdcg dcch rvEEg. Rc egAgTrc qhTf dcch rgE Drnkkdcg kg mgigc ogtvE sgigtyg zgTgqg BpgEgqg. mgib tgoj dtbtdccb TJogqg TBp-onkyg n rbTclpg dtkgiEdegpg. gkmTgqg gccb dEg yg Agkgrgkdidccgcf dE tg dEg sgigt Avxdcch n tg dEn TBp ogph gccb adavccf rgtg yj oBTfc.

obabEnm! AgEEgpyg ujAjk :kgttgEyvEEj mb dEn gkmTfqvEEg, mb dEn dtvccdqCAg(A), mb dEn dtkgiEdegpc m gkmTfqvEEj dEg ACcfc, mb dEn gzyvEEg dcch zgTrCAg.

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